doi:10.3808/jei.200400038
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Artificial Neural Networks Application in Lake Water Quality Estimation Using Satellite Imagery

S. S. Panda, V. Garg, I. Chaubey*

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department, 203 Engineering Hall, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701

*Corresponding author. Email: chaubey@uark.edu

Abstract


Lake water quality monitoring using traditional water sampling and laboratory analyses is very expensive and time consuming. Application of neural networks to predict water quality using satellite imagery data has a potential to make the water quality determination process cost-effective, quick, and feasible. This paper includes an indirect method of determining the concentrations of chlorophyll-a (chl-a) and suspended matter (SM), two optically active parameters of lake water quality. Radial basis function neural (RBFN) network models are developed to predict the chl-a and SM concentrations in the lake. The low cost commercially available Landsat-TM imagery spectral information was used as the input with chl-a or SM concentrations as output. The model is trained and validated with data from the years 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004. The model testing resulted in a coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.55, and 0.90, respectively, for actual and predicted chl-a and SM concentrations. The root mean square error (RMSE), standard error of prediction (SEP), and average testing accuracy indicated the merit of the developed models.

Keywords: Chlorophyll, image processing, RBFN, remote sensing, suspended matter


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