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Entropy Change as Influenced by Anthropogenic Impact on a Boreal Land Cover - A Case Study
Boreal forests are important terrestrial carbon sinks and hence routine monitoring for its vegetation dynamics is imperative. Remote sensing has proved to be the best option for detecting the land use and land cover at larger spatial scales, but it is often subjected to misinterpretation due to a variety of reasons such as sensor characteristics and heterogeneity of land cover. Landscape heterogeneity can be quantified based on the spectral heterogeneity. We hypothesize that this could be explained with the help of an entropy parameter, based on vegetation related spectral characteristics. This study demonstrates the spatio-temporal dynamics of landuse in the boreal landscape as well as the change in entropy as a result of increased heterogeneity in the upper Ottawa River basin, a region which faced dramatic landscape dynamics due to hydroelectric projects and other human activities. NDVI based strategy of land cover classification and the derivation of vegetation vigourosity, quantified the decrease in vegetation in the landscape and clarified that the urban areas have actually increased and the eclipsing effect created by slight increase in vegetation in the urban areas caused errors in landcover classification. Borrowing the idea from quantitative ecology, entropy based quantification of the vegetation diversity through the spectral signatures, specific to vegetation was developed by computing the Shannonâ€™s entropy using the NDVI for two periods. The entropy has increased by a factor of 2.2 over the decadal period whereas there has been a general decrease in the vegetation along with a parallel increase in waterbodies. We hence conclude that the heterogeneity of the landscape has drastically increased. This boils down to the fact that the probability of getting vegetated surfaces has decreased in the landscape owing to anthropogenic influence and hence the measure of entropy will be used to augment our understanding about the landscape dynamics when studied from satellite platforms.
Keywords: Land use and land cover change, Shannon Entropy, vegetation vigor
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