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Solving Water Quality Management Problem through Combined Genetic Algorithm and Fuzzy Simulation

T. Y. Xu1 and X. S. Qin1,2*

1. School of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798
2. DHI-NTU Water and Environment Research Centre and Education Hub, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798

*Corresponding author. Tel: +6-6790-5288 Fax: +65-6792-1650 Email:


A combined genetic algorithm and fuzzy simulation approach (GAFSA) was developed through integrating fuzzy chance-constrained programming (FCCP) and genetic algorithm (GA) into a general optimization framework. The major advantage of GAFSA is that it could tackle generally-shaped fuzzy membership functions on both sides of the model constraints, rather than handle single special forms like triangular or trapezoidal. An agricultural water quality management problem that has been investigated by a number of previous studies was used to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed method. The results showed that GAFSA allowed violation of system constraints at specified possibilistic confidence levels, leading to model solutions with higher system benefits. A conservative planning scheme could bring a more reliable system, but would be less economically attractive. Conversely, planning towards a higher system benefit would lead to a higher risk of system failure. The proposed model could help agricultural water managers analyse the trade-off between the overall system benefit and the failure risk of environmental compliance. A comparison of GAFSA to FCCP was given, and the potential limitations of the proposed method were also discussed.

Keywords: fuzzy chance-constrained programming, genetic algorithm, effluent control management, agricultural system, uncertainty

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