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doi:10.3808/jei.201500315
Copyright © 2017 ISEIS. All rights reserved

A Fuzzy Gradient Chance-Constrained Evacuation Model for Managing Risks of Nuclear Power Plants under Multiple Uncertainties

Z. Li1, G. H. Huang2,*, L. Guo1, Y. R. Fan1 and J. P. Chen1

  1. Faculty of Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, Saskathewan S4S 0A2, Canada
  2. Center for Energy, Environment and Ecology Research, UR-BNU, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

*Corresponding author. Tel.: +1 306 585409; fax: +1 +306 3373205. E-mail address: huang@iseis.org (G. Huang).

Abstract


Emergency evacuation is one of the most important risk management measures for nuclear accidents. Evacuation management systems contain various complexities, which have posed many challenges for decision makers. In the study, a fuzzy gradient chance-constrained evacuation model (FGCCEM) is proposed to address different uncertainties in evacuation management and planning. The FGCCEM is developed by incorporating fuzzy gradient chance-constrained programming into an inexact optimization framework. It is capable of balancing decision makers’ optimism and pessimism, and can also reflect uncertainties expressed as discrete intervals. The proposed model is applied to a hypothetical case study of emergency evacuation planning for nuclear power plants. The results indicate that the FGCCEM can generate optimized evacuation schemes to maximize the total number of evacuees within limited time. Meanwhile, evacuation schemes with decision makers’ varied preferences can be obtained through post-optimization analysis. The information obtained in this study can provide an insight into the complex relationships in evacuation management systems. It can also provide valuable decision support for effective risk management in response to nuclear emergencies.

Keywords: Risk management; evacuation planning; fuzzy programming; optimization; uncertainty; Qinshan Nuclear Power Site


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