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doi:10.3808/jei.201900423
Copyright © 2017 ISEIS. All rights reserved

Computational Text Analysis of a Scientific Resilience Management Corpus: Environmental Insights and Implications

J. Nassour1, D. Leykin2,3, M. Elhadad1, and O. Cohen2,4,5 *

  1. Computer Science Department, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 635, Israel
  2. PREPARED Center for Emergency Response Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 635, Israel
  3. The Community Stress Prevention Centre (CSPC), P.O. Box 797, Kiryat-Shmona 11016, Israel
  4. Nursing Department, Recanati School for Community Health Professions, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
  5. Masters’ program in Emergency Medicine, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel

*Corresponding author. Tel.: +972 86478430; fax: +972 86472136. E-mail address: odeyac@bgu.ac.il (O. Cohen).

Abstract


Resilience is a multifaceted concept describing the ability to cope with change or disruption. Its importance in the era of emergency preparedness and response, combined with its multidisciplinary attributes, have led researches to study similarities and differences in the meaning of resilience across various fields. A systematic literature review, conducted in the field of resilience management by the DARWIN project, yielded a scientific corpus of 419 articles. In the present study, automated text-analysis approaches were used to investigate this corpus and generate insights, aiming at understanding resilience management. Three complementary computational analyses were employed: (a) topic modeling to understand the different topics or fields discussed in the articles; (b) concept maps to provide a synthetic view of key concepts in the domain and their relations; (c) psycho-linguistic analysis to identify significant psychological categories addressed in the corpus. The topic model identified four key topics: Environmental/Socioecological aspects, Organizational/Operational aspects, Health, and Infrastructure/Resource Management. The concept map recognized concepts at a finer granularity level and depicted them into five main clusters with relations between them, reflecting key dimensions leading to resilience management. The psycho-linguistic analysis highlighted the importance of psychological processes within resilience management. This study identified important aspects that need to be addressed when designing resilience management frameworks, such as rehabilitation period and the role of public.

Keywords: concept maps, LIWC, NLP tools, resilience, resilience management, topic modeling


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